Harvard researchers are targeting obesity and its cousin, diabetes When it comes to the nation’s growing obesity and diabetes epidemics, the more we know, the more the evidence points to one conclusion: We’ve been set up. Important findings about humanity’s past, about how we live and eat today, and even about how we typically treat type 2 diabetes — with medications that themselves induce weight gain — are providing clues that explain how the past two decades could see an explosion in overweight and obese Americans and skyrocketing cases of type 2 diabetes, which is usually closely tied to the problem. Read more here: http://bit.ly/2wE5Bpg Shared from: News Harvard
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Researchers gather at Radcliffe to investigate gut-brain communication A small group of scientists gathered last week at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study to share ideas about a medical mystery: the increasing evidence that some types of weight loss surgery affect not just the stomach, but the brain as well. The procedures, two types of bariatric surgery known as gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy, physically bypass or remove a portion of the stomach. Used only for obese patients whose weight threatens their health, the surgeries have proven dramatically effective, reducing patients’ excess weight in the months and years following surgery by 50, 60, and even 80 percent. The procedures were initially thought to work through simple physical means: Patients with smaller stomachs wouldn’t be able to eat as much, allowing them to lose weight and also giving them an opportunity to reform eating habits. Read more here: http://bit.ly/2GjXyxq Shared from: News Harvard
Socially acceptable body weight is increasing.1 If more individuals who are overweight or obese are satisfied with their weight, fewer might be motivated to lose unhealthy weight. This study assessed the trend in the percentage of adults who were overweight or obese and trying to lose weight during 3 periods from 1988 through 2014. We used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), an ongoing, stratified, multistage probability sample of the US noninstitutionalized population designed to represent the health and nutritional status of the general population. A strength of NHANES is that the sampling approaches, interviews, and physical examination methods are standardized across surveys and have been published extensively elsewhere.2 NHANES protocol was approved by the National Center for Health Statistics institutional review board, and written informed consent was obtained.2 The current analysis was categorized as exempt by the Georgia Southern University institutional review board. Read more here: http://bit.ly/2BilcrN Shared from: JAMA Network
What does your waistline say about your health? Find out why belly fat is more common after menopause, the danger it poses — and what to do about it. An expanding waistline is sometimes considered the price of getting older. For women, this can be especially true after menopause, when body fat tends to shift to the abdomen. Yet an increase in belly fat does more than make it hard to zip up your jeans. Research shows that belly fat also carries serious health risks. The good news? The threats posed by belly fat can be reduced. Your weight is largely determined by how you balance the calories you eat with the energy you burn. If you eat too much and exercise too little, you're likely to carry excess weight — including belly fat. Read more here: http://mayocl.in/2j9Bvnp Shared from: Mayo Clinic
Overweight and obesity are associated with cancer Overweight and obesity are associated with at least 13 different types of cancer. These cancers make up 40% of all cancers diagnosed. About 2 in 3 occur in adults 50-74 years old. Most types of these cancers associated with overweight and obesity increased from 2005-2014. More than half of Americans don’t know that overweight and obesity can increase their risk for cancer. Many things are associated with cancer, but avoiding tobacco use and keeping a healthy weight are among the most important things people can do to lower their risk of getting cancer. Some states and communities are providing support that can help people get to and keep a healthy weight. Read more here: http://bit.ly/2rtAbzp Shared from: cdc.gov
Weight loss is a pathway to health improvement for patients with obesity-associated risk factors and comorbidities. Medications approved for chronic weight management can be useful adjuncts to lifestyle change for patients who have been unsuccessful with diet and exercise alone. Many medications commonly prescribed for diabetes, depression, and other chronic diseases have weight effects, either to promote weight gain or produce weight loss. Knowledgeable prescribing of medications, choosing whenever possible those with favorable weight profiles, can aid in the prevention and management of obesity and thus improve health. Read more here: http://bit.ly/2Bkk3zV Shared from: Oxford Academic
(CNN) — Underwater archeologists in Mexico have discovered the world's largest flooded cave. The Great Maya Aquifer Project (GAM) team -- committed to studying the mysterious waters of Mexico's Yucatan peninsula -- spent years exploring the caves of Sac Actun and Dos Ojos in Tulum before connecting the two caverns together. The explorers' discovery marks the identification of an incredible archaeological site, illuminating the stories and rituals of the Mayan civilization. The watery labyrinth connects the cave system known as Sac Actun with the Dos Ojos system. According to the rules of caving, when two caves connect, the largest absorbs the smallest. This means Sac Actun takes the title of largest cave. Read more here: http://cnn.it/2n1224x Shared from: CNN
Yes, even dummies are recognizing the ongoing obesity epidemic. Dummies as in crash test dummies. No, not the musical group that sang "Mmm mmm mmm mmm"...but the mannequins that are the unsung heroes of automobile safety. They sit in cars during safety testing while the cars hurtle against walls and barriers. For years, standard dummies have been 5-foot-9 and 170 pounds. But as CBS News reports, Humanetics, the leading maker of crash test dummies, will be making a heavier (by 100 pounds) and taller (by a few inches) dummy to better represent Americans. Why is it necessary to make dummies look more like real Americans? Well, in the case of car crashes, size matters. Add worse car crash injuries to the growing list of problems associated with obesity, such as heart disease, cancer, diabetes, arthritis, depression, etc. Read more here: http://bit.ly/2KtNPHm Shared from: Forbes
Not Yet at Your Goal Weight? You Can Still Start Preparing Even if you’re not yet at your ideal pre-op weight, there are plenty of steps you can take to accelerate the process and make your surgical experience easier once you’re ready for it. You can think ahead and start to prepare for plastic surgery. In this article, I’d like to address some of these steps, with an emphasis on pace. You didn’t gain weight overnight, and changing your habits won’t happen overnight either. Instead, take your time and treat yourself compassionately. Make small changes and build up your new habits slowly. Over time, things that feel strange or uncomfortable now — such as skipping dessert — will become second nature to you. Read on to find out how you can start giving yourself the gift of a brighter future right now. Read more here: http://bit.ly/2GojEPz Shared from: Obesity Health
Obesity is common, serious and costly More than one-third (36.5%) of U.S. adults have obesity. [Read CDC National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) data brief PDF-704KB] Obesity-related conditions include heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer, some of the leading causes of preventable death. [Read guidelines] The estimated annual medical cost of obesity in the U.S. was $147 billion in 2008 U.S. dollars; the medical costs for people who have obesity were $1,429 higher than those of normal weight. [Read summary] Obesity affects some groups more than others [Read abstract Journal of American Medicine (JAMA)] Non-Hispanic blacks have the highest age-adjusted rates of obesity (48.1%) followed by Hispanics (42.5%), non-Hispanic whites (34.5%), and non-Hispanic Asians (11.7%). Obesity is higher among middle age adults age 40-59 years (40.2%) and older adults age 60 and over (37.0%) than among younger adults age 20–39 (32.3%). Read more here: http://bit.ly/2rpHOXw Shared from: cdc.gov